Math: Introducing The Concept of Time in My Kindergarten Class of Students With Autism

The materials used in each lesson taught during a school day is vital to a student’s learning. Once you have the materials, the process of teaching the lesson and incorporating the materials is even more important. In my class, since the schedule of the school day is reviewed each day during Morning Meeting, I thought it was important to include the concept of time and allow the students to know what time each lesson or activity is during the day. Below, you will see my schedule of the day and you will see that the day is split up into 8 periods and next to the periods are the times and picture icon of each lesson or activity. The concept of time is incorporated during the school day on a daily basis. 
During Math, besides teaching counting, one to one correspondence, addition, subtraction and money, I have also been teaching about time. Below, you will see the owl clock I use made by TOMY. I call this clock the “wise owl.” During the day, when a lesson is over and a new one is about to begin, I will take out the clock and tell the students the time. For example, snack time is at 2 pm, and I will control the hands of the clock to make 2 pm and say to the students, “The wise owl says it is 2:00,” then ask my students, “What do we do at 2:00?” They’re answer should be, “It is snack time.” I use the “wise owl” 2-3 times per day. My students now know the routine and when I take the owl clock out, they say “The wise owl says…..” It is wonderful to see that the students know the routine and have a concept of time. 
During a regular math time lesson, I will begin the lesson by reading the black book below called: Time by Kari Jenson Gold. I will read the book to introduce the lesson. The first page of the book asks: How can you tell the time of day? The book continues to give examples about which meals do you eat in the morning and at night? See below for some samples of the pages in the book.
After the book is read, I take out another book called, “What’s the Time?” This book includes various times of the day for children which includes: breakfast, play time, lunch time, dinner time and bath time.. The book displays the a clock which the time is controlled by the reader. As I read each page, I change the hands of the clock to match the time the page of the book says. For example, lunch time is at 12:00. As the reader of the book, I set the clock in the book for 12:00 and have the students imitate me on their clocks. Each student is given a clock. The idea of this lesson is so the students can have an idea of time and how the clock works. See pictures below.



photo 3       photo 1      photo 2

  The book below is read to the students before the time lesson begin. I included some pages for you to view:

photo 3   photo 4  photo 5 photo 1       photo 2

Below is a book that I use with the students called: What’s the Time? I read the book and the students imitate the time the book says on their clocks. For example, the book says that at 12:00, the children eat their lunch. I set it for 12 in the book and the students imitate the time using their own clocks. Each page is a different activity and time of the day (dinner, play time, bath time, bed time).

photo 4  photo 5 photo 2


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